** Just a disclaimer, this lesson contains graphic medical photos of STI's (Only if you look at the Ppt)
I got this idea from the TV show called “Mystery Diagnosis” where an infection or illness is portrayed as a mystery and the doctor scrambles to figure it out. The thought was having the students take the role of resident doctors that need to diagnose and STI based on symptoms they encounter.
This is the only Unit where I really do not rely on any vodcasting. It is primarily all student research based until the end when we go through all the STI’s to determine if the student made the correct diagnosis. To begin, I give the students a basic note sheet to use as their research notes to be used during the mystery diagnosis activity.
|Using a Phone to research|
As my flipped class develops more and the students are more skilled and used to researching and using technology; I plan to redo the note sheets and put together websites and videos that will serve as a more “controlled” research platform. I have thought about creating/printing general packets that have the information on the various STI’s we are looking at. This will allow for a more diverse opportunity for the students to gain information to help with the activity.
|Using the supplemental textbook|
On the last day, I have a PowerPoint that goes through each patient and shows a picture of an attractive boy or girl and then a medical pic of what that infection actually look like. (Do a Google image search on some of the STI’s – don’t be eating anything .. ;-S ) You get a “shock and awe” reaction to the photos. Some of the talking points I bring up about using the pictures are:
1. I use pics of attractive people because a) STI’s can happen to anyone, b) attractive people can more likely have infections because they usually have more “opportunity” to be sexually active. That isn’t to say the all good looking people are sexually active or have STI’s nor does it imply that all non-attractive people don’t have sex or are STI free. I simply try to bust the myth that only “dirty” looking people are “dirty”.
2. The pictures are not intended as a “scare tactic” … but those infections ARE SCARY! I will get kids saying “why are you showing us this … we get it, we get it … “ My response is that it is much better to see them “up there” (pointing to the screen) than “in here” pointing to my pants.
3. I show the pics because it is a whole different ball game to see what HPV warts really look like than hear or read about it. We can call it “multi-sensory” …
It can be a little bit of a hectic class period because you really have to work at keep the kids’ attention on the information. When those pics come up they are all over the place … gross laughter, they start talking in their groups about how gross it is, some just look away, etc. I usually give them a little time to calm down and regain their composure then reign them back in. I guarantee they will not just sit and quietly reflect on the pictures and stay composed. They will be kids and get grossed out ... it is sort of entertaining to get them all squeamish J I try not to leave the slides up for long. It helps with their attention and then I can talk to them when they are more focused. With each STI the students have the basic info (major symptoms, germ, and treatments) and I expand on that in class.
I do LOTS of Q & A so they have to keep looking back at their notes and the patient sheet. I try to get students to answer student questions as much as possible. Id someone asks a question I say "Who can answer that question??" I also like to use their names with the “Dr.” title so it somewhat creates a medical school feel. “Dr. Nunn, what did your group diagnose the patient with?”, “Dr. Turner, what advice would give to your patient about Herpes?” The kids get a kick out of it. Wear a lab coat if you have one … have some fun with it. It also makes the class a little more “comfortable” if you are hamming it up a bit and bringing some “lightness” to a disturbing lesson.
Here are some of the topics I breech for each STI we look at:
· Gonorrhea:ü Can survive in any area with mucous membranes (Gonorrhea of the throat)
ü Can be passed orally & anally
ü History on the nickname “the clap”
ü Ream treatment
ü Treated for Chlamydia as well
ü Pus discharge separates it form Trich. and Chlamydia
· Chlamydia:ü “Watery” discharge
ü Most common
ü Can cause reproductive damage in females
ü 4 stages
ü Painless sores a huge identifier
ü Attacks the nerves, brain & spinal cord
ü Can be fatal
ü Napoleon & Al Capone both died from Syphilis
· Genital Herpes:
ü Painful sores is a key identifier
ü Have flare ups forever
ü Can be passed orally
· Human Papilloma Virus:ü Warts will return
ü Treatments are no fun ….
· Pubic Lice:ü Bugs can live in sheets & clothing
ü Shaving won’t cure them. Lay eggs in the follicle
Overall this is a pretty powerful lesson series and a real look at the infections that are out there. I would say this lesson series is most appropriate for high school and even at the 9th grade level is still a little “iffy”. I have done it for a number of years in the 9th grade and haven’t had any real problems, but I have taken great care to create a safe comfortable environment first. It is also worthwhile to find out who your “weak stomachs” are so that you can give them head’s up on the pics to keep them vertical in class .. ;-) I know from experience.
Hopefully you grabbed some ideas from this lesson and it gives you another strategy to use to educate kids on this delicate but important topic.